Info on dog poisons (kind of long but worth it)

Discussion in 'Chit Chat' started by Greenbean7, Mar 1, 2007.

  1. Greenbean7

    Greenbean7 New Member

    This article was on MSN this morning. Great tips on how to keep our fuzzy kids safe. I don't know how this applies to cats, but since they are likely to be counter surfing you probably need to be extra careful with these products.

    Any thing in ( ) are my comments and can be dismissed if you want. Just my opinions and experiences on some of these things!

    Poisons, Poisons, Everywhere!February 19, 2007
    By Deb M. Eldredge, DVM

    The ASPCA Animal Poison Control Center recently released a list of the ten most common poisons that dogs ingest. What is immediately striking about the list is how ordinary each of the poisons is—most of us have these compounds in our homes or garages. The list is a reminder that it is important to keep medications and potentially toxic items locked up or stored safely away from our pets.

    Here is a list of the toxins that you need to keep out of your pet’s reach:


    Ibuprofen is a widely used human non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug. In dogs, this medication can cause stomach and kidney problems and even impact the nervous system causing symptoms such as depression and seizures. If you drop a pill, be very careful to find it before your dog does. Labs and Beagles are notorious for snarfing up dropped drugs. If this happens in your household, be sure to make your dog vomit, if you can, as soon as you suspect he ate any pills, and then call your veterinarian. Never give your dog ibuprofen for pain or discomfort. (To make the dog vomit the vet recommends pouring poroxide down their throat. How much? As much as it takes to make them throw up. Do this outside!! This is also a good example of where that "leave it" command come in. Can save a life!)


    Chocolate has two potent substances – theobromine and caffeine. The amount of these compounds present in chocolate varies greatly depending upon the type and brand of chocolate. The dog who indulges in chocolate with large amounts of theobromine or caffeine may show increased heart rate and excitability leading to possible seizures. If you can make your dog vomit close to the time of ingestion, do so. Then head to your veterinarian. It may take up to three days for the theobromine effects to wear off, and this can be dangerous for your dog’s heart. (The poroxide again. Outside! Tossed up chocolate wouldn't be pretty on the carpet!! I have had dogs eat large amounts of chocolate with no effect what-so-ever, but if I catch them it's the poroxide for them!!)

    Ant and Roach Baits:

    Ant and roach baits may be found in motels when you travel, as well as in areas around your home. Luckily the toxic substances are generally present in small amounts, but they are often mixed in with tasty treats like peanut butter that your dog may find irresistible. If your dog ingests the bait, he is more likely to have a problem with the parts of the container he eats than with the ingredients, but take him into your veterinarian just the same. Better to be safe than sorry. (Always better to be safe than sorry!)


    People often rely on rodenticides to remove mice and rats when they don’t have a good cat or a skilled terrier to do the dirty work. Most of these products contain anticoagulants that stimulate fatal bleeding in rodents. They can also stimulate bleeding in dogs that eat the treated blocks. Paralysis, seizures, and kidney failure are all possible effects of these potent drugs. Induce vomiting if you can, but then head directly to your veterinarian. Your dog may need fluids, blood tests to follow the progression of treatment, vitamin K injections, and possibly even a blood transfusion. Some versions of rodenticides have cholecalciferol that can cause elevated blood calcium and phosphorus levels, which lead to renal failure. This may require a much different course of action for your pet. If possible, bring the container for the poison into your vet’s office, so they can determine exactly what your dog is up against. (That dead mouse they found is also toxic depending on how much it ate. I won't use poison, I use traps when we have mice.)


    Acetaminophen is an extremely common pain medication for people. Unfortunately, this drug can cause liver failure, swelling of the face and paws, a problem with oxygen transport in the blood, and even a decrease in tear production for dogs. N-acetylcysteine is an antidote to the problem, but it needs to be repeated until all signs of poisoning are cleared. Supportive treatment for the liver and dry eyes is recommended. If your dog ingests acetaminophen, he will probably need to be hospitalized.

    Pseudoephedrine Containing Cold Medications:

    Numerous over the counter cold medications contain pseudoephedrine. In dogs, this drug causes panting, excitement, increased temperature, and increased heart rate. Sedation and even general anesthesia may be required to settle your dog down, while fluid therapy will help to flush this substance from your dog’s system.(Wow, that's the same symptoms those meds cause in me!)

    Thyroid Hormones:

    Thyroid hormones are used to treat both people and dogs with low thyroid levels. Luckily, most dogs handle an overdose of these medications quite well. An increased heart rate and a hyperactive dog that is bouncing off the walls are common signs that your dog has eaten something he shouldn’t.


    Most bleach products used at home are fairly dilute. Commercial bleaches, however, can be very strong and cause irritation to your dog’s eyes or skin. A quick bath is ideal if bleach is on your dog’s skin or coat. If your dog inhales bleach, especially any bleach mixed with ammonia products, she could develop a deadly chemical pneumonitis. This can affect you too, so don’t breathe deeply yourself. Get your dog out into fresh air as quickly as possible and then to your veterinarian.

    Fertilizer, Including Plant “Foods”:

    Fertilizer can be very attractive to dogs. Additives such as bone meal are enticing. While the basic fertilizer formulas of nitrogen, potassium, and phosphorus are generally not highly toxic, additives such as fungicides can be. Most dogs that ingest fertilizer show gastrointestinal signs such as vomiting and/or diarrhea, but they do recover on their own. In some cases, however, they need fluids for hydration and medications to settle and soothe the stomach and intestines. Consult with your veterinarian for the best course of treatment when your dog ingests fertilizer. (Also, weed killers like Round Up. We have a farm and my DH uses industrial strength Round Up. Both dogs have gotten sick from eating grass that was recently sprayed. It did resolve on it's own but two or three days of throwing up at each end is no fun for any of us!)

    Hydrocarbons Including Paints, Polishes, and Fuel Oils:

    Rounding out the list is hydrocarbons. These products can be found in paints, polishes, and fuel oils—including kerosene, acetone, and gasoline. Dogs that swallow these products tend to have gastrointestinal upsets. The skin can also be irritated from contact. If your dog simply breathes in fumes or aspirates these products, he may suffer from depression or hyperexcitability along with secondary pneumonia and liver or kidney damage. Dogs that have breathed or ingested hydrocarbons should not be made to vomit as the risk of aspiration is too high. Instead, they need symptomatic treatment and supportive care such as fluids to flush their systems, baths to remove any residue, and saline flushing of the eyes if any residue splashed into them. (DO NOT MAKE THEM THROW UP! This is one of those cases where return of the swallow is very dangerous.)

    Take Care:

    All of the products on the ASPCA list can be found in most of our households. To keep your pet safe, be proactive. Store goods safely in locked cupboards, use secure, non-breakable containers, and always keep careful track of all medications in the household. Taking some basic precautions can go a long way toward avoiding a catastrophe for your dog.

    If you have questions about the safety of a substance or you suspect your pet may have ingested something he shouldn’t have, don’t wait--call the National Animal Poison Control Center at: 888-426-4435.


    Stop and smell the puppies!
  2. hugs4evry1

    hugs4evry1 New Member

    Thanks for the wonderful reminder and list of poisons.

    Should we inlcude batteries for Dncn???


    Nancy B
  3. joyfully

    joyfully New Member

    Items to avoid
    Reasons to avoid

    Alcoholic beverages
    Can cause intoxication, coma, and death.

    Baby food
    Can contain onion powder, which can be toxic to dogs. (Please see onion below.) Can also result in nutritional deficiencies, if fed in large amounts.

    Bones from fish, poultry, or other meat sources
    Can cause obstruction or laceration of the digestive system.

    Cat food
    Generally too high in protein and fats.

    Chocolate, coffee, tea, and other caffeine
    Contain caffeine, theobromine, or theophylline, which can be toxic and affect the heart and nervous systems.

    Citrus oil extracts
    Can cause vomiting.

    Fat trimmings
    Can cause pancreatitis.

    Grapes and raisins
    Contain an unknown toxin, which can damage the kidneys.

    Unknown compound causes panting, increased heart rate, elevated temperature, seizures, and death.

    Human vitamin supplements containing iron
    Can damage the lining of the digestive system and be toxic to the other organs including the liver and kidneys.

    Large amounts of liver
    Can cause Vitamin A toxicity, which affects muscles and bones.

    Macadamia nuts
    Contain an unknown toxin, which can affect the digestive and nervous systems and muscle.

    Can depress the nervous system, cause vomiting, and changes in the heart rate.

    Milk and other dairy products
    Some adult dogs and cats do not have sufficient amounts of the enzyme lactase, which breaks down the lactose in milk. This can result in diarrhea. Lactose-free milk products are available for pets.

    Moldy or spoiled food, garbage
    Can contain multiple toxins causing vomiting and diarrhea and can also affect other organs.

    Can contain toxins, which may affect multiple systems in the body, cause shock, and result in death.

    Onions and garlic (raw, cooked, or powder)
    Contain sulfoxides and disulfides, which can damage red blood cells and cause anemia. Cats are more susceptible than dogs. Garlic is less toxic than onions.

    Seeds can cause intestinal obstruction and enteritis.

    Pits from peaches and plums
    Can cause obstruction of the digestive tract.

    Potato, rhubarb, and tomato leaves; potato and tomato stems
    Contain oxalates, which can affect the digestive, nervous, and urinary systems. This is more of a problem in livestock.


    Raw eggs
    Contain an enzyme called avidin, which decreases the absorption of biotin (a B vitamin). This can lead to skin and hair coat problems. Raw eggs may also contain Salmonella.

    Raw fish
    Can result in a thiamine (a B vitamin) deficiency leading to loss of appetite, seizures, and in severe cases, death. More common if raw fish is fed regularly.

    If eaten in large quantities it may lead to electrolyte imbalances.

    Can become trapped in the digestive system; called a "string foreign body."

    Sugary foods
    Can lead to obesity, dental problems, and possibly diabetes mellitus.

    Table scraps (in large amounts)
    Table scraps are not nutritionally balanced. They should never be more than 10% of the diet. Fat should be trimmed from meat; bones should not be fed.

    Contains nicotine, which affects the digestive and nervous systems. Can result in rapid heart beat, collapse, coma, and death.

    Yeast dough
    Can expand and produce gas in the digestive system, causing pain and possible rupture of the stomach or intestines.

  4. joyfully

    joyfully New Member

    Toxic or Slightly Toxic Plants

    Clinical Signs

    Stem, bark, seed pits

    Azalea (Rhododendron spp.)
    All parts, mostly leaves
    Stomach irritation, abdominal pain, abnormal heart rate and rhythm, convulsions, coma, some death.

    Bird of Paradise
    Fruit, seeds

    Boston Ivy
    All parts

    All parts

    Creeping Charlie (Glecoma hederacea L.)
    All parts
    Sweating, drooling, usually not fatal.

    Castor Bean (Ricinus communis)
    All part but mostly seeds, if chewed
    Nausea, abdominal pain, bloody diarrhea, tenesmus, dehydration, shortness of breath, excessive thirst, weakness, muscle twitching, convulsions, coma.

    Choke Cherry (Prunus virginiana)
    Leaves, seed pits, stems, bark

    Daffodil (Narcissus spp.)

    Berries, bark, leaves

    English Ivy (Hedera helix L.)
    Leaves, berries
    Stomach irritation, diarrhea, troubled breathing, coma, death.

    Foxglove (Digitalis purpurea L.)
    Leaves, seeds, flowers

    Glacier Ivy
    Leaves, berries

    All parts

    Hemlock, Water (Cicuta maculata L.)
    All parts, root and root stalk
    Dilated pupils, frothing at the mouth, spasms muscles spasms, restlessness, convulsions, and death (within 15 min to 2 hours)

    Hyacinth (Hyacinth orientalis)
    Bulbs, leaves, flowers
    Colic, vomiting and diarrhea, usually not fatal.

    Hydrangea (Hydrangea spp.)
    Leaves, buds
    Irritation and inflammation of the digestive tract, diarrhea, bloody stool.

    Jerusalem Cherry (Solanum pseudocapsicum L.)
    All parts, unripe fruit

    Johnsongrass (Sorghum halepense)
    Leaves and stems, especially young plants.
    Breathing problems, severe anxiety, convulsions, coma, death. Intravenous antidote exsist.

    Jimson Weed (Datura stramonium L.)
    All parts
    Rapid pulse, rapid breathing, dilated pupils, restlessness, nervousness, twitching, frequent urination, diarrhea, depression, weight loss, weak pulse, convulsions, coma, death.


    Lantana (Lantana camara L.)
    Leaves and berries
    Sluggishness, weakness, bloody diarrhea. In severe cases, death may occur in 2 to 4 days.

    Lily-of-the-Valley (Convallaria majalis)
    All parts

    Roots, foliage, unripe fruit


    Morning Glory

    Marble Queen
    All parts

    Nightshade (Solanum spp.)
    All parts
    Hallucinations, severe intestinal disturbances, diarrhea, drowsiness, numbness, dilated pupils, trembling, labored breathing, nasal discharge, rapid heartbeat, weak pulse, incoordination, paralysis or severe shaking of the rear legs, rapid heart rate, bloat, can be fatal.

    Nephthytis, Arrowhead Vine
    All parts

    Oats, (Avena sativa)
    All parts
    Breathing difficulty, skin irritation, paralysis, convulsions, death (rare).

    Pigweed, Redroot (Amaranthus retroflexus)
    Leaves, stems, roots.
    Troubled breathing, trembling, weakness, coma, death.

    Poinsettia (Euphorbia pulcherrima)
    Leaves, flowers
    Not lethal, but can cause skin, mouth, eye, and stomach irritation.

    Pokeweed, Inkberry
    All parts
    Colic, diarrhea, blood in stool, rare cases anemia, and possible death.

    Parlor Ivy
    All parts

    Red Sage
    Green berries

    Rhubarb (Rheum rhaponticum)
    Staggering, trembling, breathing difficulties, weakness, diarrhea, increased drinking and urinating, death.

    Red Princess
    All parts

    All parts

    Tulip (Tulipa spp.)

    Umbrella Plant
    All parts

    Yew, English (Taxus baccata) and Japanese (Taxus cuspidata Sieb. & Zucc.)
    Breathing problems, trembling, weakness, heart problems, stomach upset, very sudden death.

  5. Greenbean7

    Greenbean7 New Member

    That's it! I'm locking them puppies up! Dog proofing the house would leave us hungry, cold, plantless and confused!

    I knew about the grapes/raisens but not all that other stuff! It's amazing they ever live long enough for us to get attached!

    Yes, add batteries to the list for DNC! I wonder if her dog had a little cough or was just trying to get a charge out of life!!


    Stop and smell the puppies!
  6. joyfully

    joyfully New Member